Início > Boas Praticas > Academia de Resíduos Zero

Academia de Resíduos Zero

Kamikatsu

Continente: 
Ásia
País: 
Japão
População (Ano): 
2.000 hab.
Ano População: 
2003
A iniciativa começou com a decisão de diminuir as taxas de incineração dos resíduos domésticos na cidade. Os moradores da cidade passaram a separar seu lixo em 34 tipos diferentes, que é levado a um posto de coleta pelos próprios cidadãos, ao invés de ser recolhido da maneira tradicional (apenas idosos sem carro estão isentos desta responsabilidade).

Descrição

Kamikatsu é um vilarejo de 2.000 habitantes em uma região relativamente isolada do Japão. A iniciativa começou com a decisão de diminuir as taxas de incineração dos resíduos domésticos na cidade. No Japão, o lixo não reciclado é geralmente incinerado, já que a ilha sofre com problemas de espaço, tornando aterros sanitários inviáveis.

Os moradores da cidade passaram a separar seu lixo em 34 tipos diferentes, que é levado a um posto de coleta pelos próprios cidadãos, ao invés de ser recolhido da maneira tradicional (apenas idosos sem carro estão isentos desta responsabilidade). Como as casas estão localizadas em terreno montanhoso e a grandes distâncias umas das outras, a coleta com caminhões seria economicamente inviável. Além disso, há subsídios para a compra de material para compostagem, que é estimulada pela prefeitura. No próprio centro de coleta há uma feira de trocas e artesanato feito a partir daquilo que é trazido.               

Objetivo

Reduzir a zero a quantidade de resíduos enviados a aterros sanitários ou incinerados até 2020   

Cronograma

• 2001: Começa um programa de reciclagem na cidade que divide os materiais recicláveis em 34 tipos

• 2003: Declaração da adoção de um programa “Zero Waste” na cidade

• 2005: Criação da “Zero Waste Academy” na cidade, como instituição de pesquisa e troca de idéias para encontrar soluções para a questão dos resíduos

• 2006: A “Zero Waste Academy” de Kamikatsu bate a marca de 3000 visitantes           

Resultados

• Foi criada a “Zero Waste Academy”

• Três outras cidades japonesas anunciaram os mesmos objetivos que Kamikatsu, tomando-a como exemplo: Minamata, Oki e Hayama. A taxa de reciclagem da cidade, que era de 55% em 2000, agora gira em torno de 80%, sem levar em conta a compostagem doméstica       

Instituições envolvidas

• Prefeitura de Kamikatsu                   

Fontes                   

http://www.green-alliance.org.uk/uploadedFiles/Our_Work/Kamikatsu.pdf

http://www.no-burn.org/article.php?id=376

http://www.c40cities.org/londonwasteworkshop/downloads/after-the-event/Session%2001%20-%20Exploring%20Zero%20Waste/03%20-%20ZWA%20-%20Striving%20for%20Zero%20Waste.pdf

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última modificação: seg, 29/04/2013 - 12:38

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http://www.rehab-jeddah.org/%D8%AE%D8%AF%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%B9%D8%B2%...