Início > Boas Praticas > Energia eficiente para os ônibus de Edimburgo

Energia eficiente para os ônibus de Edimburgo

Edimburgo

Continente: 
Europa
País: 
Escócia
População (Ano): 
492.610 hab.
Ano População: 
2014
Área Total (Ano): 
263,00 km²
Ano Área Total: 
2014
Como parte de uma estratégia permanente para reduzir a poluição em Edimburgo e distritos vizinhos, a empresa de ônibus municipal, Lothian Buses, tem investido em medidas para diminuir o impacto ambiental de sua frota. Estas medidas devem contribuir para que a cidade atinja as metas do Conselho de Edimburgo para cortar as emissões de carbono em 42% até 2020.

Descrição:

Sob o lema "Auld but not Reekie", ou seja, "Velha, mas sem Fumaça", a cidade de Edimburgo, Na Escócia, implantou medidas para reduzir a poluição atmosférica.

A iniciativa visa o uso de energias mais limpas nos ônibus públicos que circulam pela cidade e arredores.

A principal empresa de ônibus da cidade, a Lothian Buses, é administrada majoritariamente pelo Conselho da Cidade de Edimburgo, sendo a maior empresa de ônibus municipal da Grã-Bretanha.

O Conselho da Cidade assumiu o compromisso de reduzir as emissões de carbono em 42% até 2020. Para isso, a Lothian Buses investiu substancialmente para que o impacto ambiental de sua frota fosse reduzido.

A empresa opera uma frota com mais de 700 ônibus e incorporou as medidas necessárias, como parte de uma estratégia permanente, para reduzir a poluição na cidade.

O investimento foi dirigido para o projeto dos ônibus híbridos, ou seja, alimentados por uma combinação de bateria (motor elétrico) e diesel. Dessa forma, o funcionamento dos veículos passou a ser mais eficiente, suave, ecológico e silencioso. Além disso, o consumo de combustível é 35% menor do que os motores de ônibus tradicionais.

A empresa Lothian Buses também foi pioneira no uso da tecnologia de redução catalítica seletiva (SCRT) – que reduz as emissões dos escapamentos dos ônibus mais velhos –, o que também contribuiu para a melhoria na qualidade do ar.

Com essas medidas, a pegada ecológica de carbono da empresa foi reduzida em 2.000 toneladas por ano, com resultados positivos na qualidade de vida dos moradores de Edimburgo.

Para completar, a empresa instalou Wi-Fi Livre nos ônibus ecológicos, visando atrair mais passageiros para o transporte público e diminuir o uso de veículos particulares. 

As iniciativas foram amplamente divulgadas através de eventos de lançamento e comunicação de porta em porta.

Objetivos:

- Reduzir a poluição aérea, por meio do uso de energias mais limpas nos veículos municipais que transportam passageiros; 

- Reduzir a pegada ecológica de carbono;

- Ampliar o uso de ônibus pela população, em detrimento da utilização do carro particular.

Cronograma e Metodologia:

- A empresa de ônibus trabalhou por mais de quatro anos para trazer a tecnologia de ônibus hibrido para a Escócia;

- Os primeiros 15 ônibus híbridos em Edimburgo entraram em serviço no ano de 2011, em uma das rotas mais movimentadas da cidade;

- Até o final de 2014, 65 ônibus híbridos estavam em serviço, operando nas áreas mais poluídas da cidade. Em 2015, mais 20 veículos híbridos de dois andares foram adquiridos; 

- Após testes bem sucedidos, 45 ônibus foram equipados com escapamentos SCRT para reduzir as emissões de carbono; 

- A frota de novos ônibus híbridos e o uso de tecnologia para reduzir as emissões de gases dos escapamentos dos ônibus mais velhos têm sido ampliados continuamente; 

- A iniciativa faz parte de uma estratégia permanente para reduzir a poluição em Edimburgo e nos distritos vizinhos. A meta do Conselho da Cidade é cortar as emissões de carbono em 42% até 2020;

- Para investir, a empresa conta com a ajuda do Fundo Escocês para Ônibus Verde. 

Resultados:

- Redução no consumo de combustíveis de aproximadamente 35%;

- Redução de 2.000 toneladas por ano na pegada ecológica de carbono da empresa;

- Redução anual de 184 kgs de emissões de PM10;

- Reduções anuais de 70% (9,6 toneladas) nas emissões de nitrogênio e de 99% dos outros poluentes aéreos, nos ônibus em que o sistema SCRT foi instalado;

- Aumento de 10% no número de passageiros nas rotas de ônibus híbridos;

- Mais de 90% dos usuários de ônibus de Edimburgo estão satisfeitos com os novos veículos e a empresa recebe inúmeros pedidos para ampliar a frota dos veículos híbridos em rotas adicionais; 

- Melhora significativa na qualidade de vida dos moradores de Edimburgo, especialmente em áreas de maior poluição.

Instituições Envolvidas:

Conselho Municipal da Cidade de Edimburgo

Empresa Lothian Buses

Fontes:

EuroCities

Metropolis

PDF

Free WiFi

Lothian Buses

 

14
última modificação: sex, 05/02/2016 - 10:00

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